Many people know Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (more popularly known as C.V. Raman) because he was the first Indian Nobel Laureate in science. Till date Raman remains the only Indian to receive a Nobel Prize in science. There are two Indian-born scientists viz., Har Gobind Khorana and Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (who became US citizens) got Nobel Prizes in science.
Raman was also the first Asian to get Nobel Prize in science. Raman's celebrated discovery, the Raman Effect, experimentally demonstrated that the light-quanta and molecules do exchange energy which manifests itself as a change in the colour of the scattered light. However, this phenomenon was earlier predicted theoretically by Hendrik Anthony Kramers (1894-1952) and Werner Heisenberg (1901-76). It was the most convincing proof of quantum theory of light. This does not diminishes the importantce of Raman's discovery. As Albert Einstein (1879-1955) wrote : "C.V. Raman was the first to recognize and demonstrate th…
CHANDRASEKHARA VENKATA RAMAN,popularly known as C.V Raman,was born at Trichinopoly,Tamil Nadu,India,on November 7,1888.He was the second son of R.Chandrasekhara Iyer and Parvathi Ammal. R.Chandrasekhara Iyer was a professor of mathematics at A.V.N College,Andhra Pradesh.Parbati,the wife of R.C Iyer,was a devout lady who spent most of her time in prayer.
Raman was a brilliant student throughout his educational career;he matriculated at 12,graduated at 15,and recieved master’s degree at 17.Raman studied very hard for the final year exam of B.A. When the result of the B.A examination was published,Raman came first in the whole state of Madras.Similarly Raman secured first position in the M.A.examination and was awarded with the gold madal.
When C.V Raman was studying for an M.A.,he wrote two articles,one on acoustics and the other on light.These articles were published in two of London’s scientific magazines ,these articles were excellent,and senior scientists of England praised Raman’s…
SIR PROFESSOR CHANDRASHEKHARA VENKATA RAMAN WAS popularly known as Professor C.V.Raman.He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930 for his outstanding discovery of the scattering of light.All his life Raman worked for the cause of scientific development in India.
Raman was an exceptionally brilliant boy right from his childhood.He passed all school and college examinations with flying colors and completed his Master’s degree when he was 17-year old.Raman was awarded a gold medal for securing the highest marks in the Master’s degree in 1907.
Raman wanted to take the Indian Civil Services(ICS) exams but in those days ICS examinations were not conducted in India,all of the candidates had to go to England to sit for the examination.Raman too wanted to attend the ICS examination,but his poor financial circumstances did not allow him to do so.Raman decided to attend Financial Civil Service(FCS) instead.
Raman secured high marks and got through the interview.He was then posted to Calcutta as an…
Face Veil; a Human Right?
M N Karassery December 10 was World Human Rights Day. Against this backdrop, it needs to be discussed as to how far violative or liberative is the face-covering veil worn by Muslim women.
A veil that covers a woman's face and her eyes is more than just a religious issue. When an individual's rights are violated it directly affects Human Rights of our society. Is the face veil, the 'Burkha' a violation of rights? If so, what are the rights that are being violated? Women wear a face veil by choice. That is their democratic right. True. So is the right to criticize. The right to criticize is equally democratic too! Further, one may wonder why criticize, after all it is out of their free choice!
What we understand as a woman's free will is in fact a socially mediated choice. The freedom of choice is exercised within the confines of the social pressure. The 'opinion' here stems out, not from informed choice but from the clouded understand…
Were British people cultivating tenants in Kerala?
G Shaheed Kochi: Historians, students of history, politicians and administrators will shudder on hearing the claim of Harrisons Malayalam, a plantation company based in Kochi, that their predecessors, who were Englishmen, were cultivating tenants in Kerala.
There are widespread allegations over the company HML (Harrisons Malayalam Ltd) owning 60,000 acres of land in Kerala, mostly plantations. Majority of these plantations are set on encroached government lands.
As directed by the government under the provisions of Land Conservancy Act, Ernakulam District Collector M G Rajamanikyam was directed to conduct an enquiry and submit the report. The report submitted by the Collector was placed before the High Court at a time when there are many cases pending against HML.
Rajamanikyam has pointed out in his report that HML, with the connivance of Revenue officials, misinterpreted the Kerala Land Reforms (KLR) Act to their favour, to grab the lan…
Congress in self-destruct mode
Amulya Ganguli Perhaps the awareness about the irredeemable nature of the Congress's political fortune persuaded Prithviraj Chavan to let the cat out of the bag. By confessing, however, that he was powerless as the Maharashtra chief minister to probe the allegations of corruption against influential party members like Vilasrao Deshmukh, Sushil Kumar Shinde and Ashok Chavan, as well as a ministerial colleague, Ajit Pawar, the outgoing chief minister has drawn attention to the primary cause which is behind his party's decline.
There is little doubt that it is the deliberate turning of the blind eye towards suspected acts of corruption, which has fatally undermined the party's position. The Congress' reputation for aiding and abetting corruption first enabled Anna Hazare to whip up public sentiments against the party.
Since then, its soiled image has been exploited in full measure by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which has buttressed its c…
The first of May _ Labour Day _ is a red letter day in the Marxist calendar. In one of history's ironies, the decline of the Communists in India can be told as a tale of three days in May.
The first was16 May, 1996, when Atal Bihari Vajpayee became Prime Minister of India. Though that ministry lasted but thirteen days it brought the national leaderships of the Congress and the C.P.I.(M) into an embrace.
The second is 20 May, 2011, when Mamata Banerjee replaced Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee as Chief Minister of West Bengal. Kerala may be the icing on the Leftist cake _ Tripura being the cherry _ but the eastern state, twice the size of Kerala, is the cake itself.
What is the third? Prediction is a mug's game but it could be another16 May, when the results of the sixteenth General Election are announced.
How many voters in Kerala realise just how much the world has changed…
NEWS » KERALA Published: SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, 2015
Air Kerala services to be launched soon in state: Chandy
Kochi: The Kerala government will soon launch domestic services of its proposed airline 'Air Kerala' for fulfilling the mandatory requirement of the country's civil aviation norm stipulating five year domestic operations before international flight services, Chief Minister Oommen Chandy said Friday.
'Though we have approached the union government for a relaxation in this norm, we are yet to get a reply from them in this regard. However, we have decided to go ahead with the project and launch a domestic service with a small aircraft connecting airports with in the state,' said Chandy at a face to face session with the NRKs at the Global NRK Meet that he had inaugurated earlier in the day.
Answering to a query from a NRK who sought subsidy on air tickets in Gulf sector, he said that Air Kerala project would be successfully implemented like the …
The national calendar of India is based on the Saka Era with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days. The national calendar of India was adopted on March 22nd 1957. Dates of the Indian national calendar have a permanent correspondence with the Gregorian calendar dates- 1 Chaitra falling on 22 March normally and on 21 March in leap year.
The national Calendar of India is used along with the Gregorian calendar for the following official purposes- (i) Gazette of India, (ii) news broadcast by All India Radio, (iii) calendars issued by the Government of India and (iv) Government communications addressed to the members of the public.
National Bird of IndiaPeacock (Pavo cristatus), which is a symbol of grace, joy, beauty and love is the national bird of India. Peacock occupies a respectable position in Indian culture and is protected not only by religious sentiments but also by parliamentary statute. The Indian peacock is a colorful, swan-sized bird with a fan-shaped crest of feathers on its head, a white patch under the eye and a long-slender neck. The male peacock is more colorful than the female one.
The male peacock has a glossy blue breast and a magnificent bronze-green colored tail of around 200 extended feathers. The female peacock is brownish, slightly smaller than the male and does not have a tail. The dance of the male peacock by fanning out the tail and shaking the feathers is a treat top watch. In India the peacock is found in almost all parts and enjoys full protection under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
National Animal of IndiaTiger (Panthera Tigris, Linnaeus) is the national animal of India. Tiger is also called the lord of Jungles. As the national animal of India, tiger symbolizes India's wildlife wealth. The rare combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power has earned the tiger great respect and high esteem. India is home to nearly half of the total population of tigers. The government of India launched the Project Tiger in 1973 to protect the royal animal.
Out of the eight races of the tiger, the Indian race, the Royal Bengal Tiger is found almost all over country (with the exception of the north-western region). With the launch of Project tiger in 1973, the tiger population showed a gradual increase and the census of 1993 puts the tiger population of the country at 3,750. Under Project tiger 23 tiger reserves have been established throughout the country, covering an area of 33,406 sq. km. Unfortunately due to negligence of authori…
National Emblem : The National Emblem of India has been taken from the Sarnath Lion capital erected by Ashoka. The national emblem of India was adapted by the Government of India on 26th January1950. In the National emblem only three lions are visible and the fourth one is hidden from the view. All the lions are mounted on an abacus. At the centre of the Abacus, there is a Chakra (wheel) which symbolizes the Dharma Chakra (Eternal wheel of law).
There is a bull, a galloping horse, an elephant and a lion, separated by intervening wheels over a bell shaped lotus. The word Satyameva Jayate (truth alone triumphs) have been inscribed in Devanagari script. The National emblem of India is the official seal of the President of India and Central and State Governments. The National emblem is used only for official purposes and commands highest respect and loyalty. It is also a symbol of independent India's identity and sovereignty.
This write-up on the National symbols of India contains brief information on various national symbols of India. It also traces the history and evolution of various Indian National symbols. We have covered Indian National anthem, national bird, national flag, national flower, national, tree, national calendar, national song, national emblem, national fruit and the national game of India.
National Anthem India:
The national anthem of India, Jana-gana-mana, was composed by the great poet Rabindranath Tagore and was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on January 24th 1950. Jana-gana-mana was first sung on 27th December, 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress. The songs, Jana-gana-mana, consists of five stanzas. The first stanza constitutes the full version of the National Anthem.
National Animal :
Tiger (Panthera Tigris, Linnaeus) is the national animal of India. Tiger is also called the lord of Jungles. As the national animal of India, tiger symbolizes Ind…
Yoga means ‘union’; it is derived from “Yuj” in Sanskrit.
It implies a ‘oneness with the Supreme Energy’. The philosophy of Yoga originated in India thousands of years ago.
Yoga works towards giving us a healthy mind in a healthy body. Practise of yoga on a regular basis helps us achieve good health (both physical and mental) by not only reducing the built up toxins in our body but by also preventing illnesses both mental and physical. Yoga teaches us number of asanas and postures that makes our body supple and improves the blood circulation which makes us strong from within. It is only when the body is strong, fit and agile that the mind can focus on the essentials. Yoga transforms our lives and helps us to live in harmony with the world around us.
When we see a small baby sleep, we marvel at its undisturbed peaceful countenance and steady rhythmic breathing. The baby wakes up rested, full of zestful energy and enthusiasm for its innumerable activities which needs to be done – learn…
National Centre of Organic Farming Department of Agriculture and Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture Government of India
National Project on Organic Farming
National Project on Organic Farming (NPOF) is a continuing central sector scheme since 10th Five Year Plan. Planning Commission approved the scheme as PILOT project for the remaining two and half years of 10th plan period with effect from 01.10.2004 with an outlay of Rs. 57.04 crore. The scheme is continuing in the 12th Plan.
NPOF is being implemented by National Centre of Organic Farming at Ghaziabad and its six Regional Centres at Bangalore, Bhubaneshwar, Panchkula, Imphal, Jabalpur and Nagpur. Besides working for realisation of targets under NPOF, NCOF and RCOFs are also performing specific roles in promotion of organic farming.
Our Objectives Promotion of organic farming in the country through technical capacity building of all the stakeholders including human resource devel…